A job description is a critically important document used for hiring and managing employees. It communicates the responsibilities of the person doing the job, and the qualifications and skills that are needed to complete it. Having a template for all job descriptions within a company or organization will help keep them consistent and uniform in style and substance, as well as ensure a fair hiring process. Create a document that provides a snapshot of the company and the department, and then provides a space for the job duties and required qualifications related to each particular position.
A job description typically consists of six major components: 1) essential job functions; 2) knowledge and critical skills; 3) physical demands; 4) environmental factors; 5) the roles of the ADA and other federal laws such as the Occupational Safety Health Act (OSH Act); and 6) any explanatory information that may be necessary to clarify job duties or responsibilities.
Whether to use job descriptions usually depends upon a number of factors, including employer preferences and resources. Employers should look at relevant rules and regulations, the size and type of organization and industry, hiring practices, and current employees.
Typically, organizations use their human resources or personnel department to create job description templates. In some cases however, a departmental group, a manager, or another individual (usually the direct supervisor of a position) might be responsible for creating one. In any case, make sure the creator of the template is familiar with the company’s or organization’s needs.
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