A job description is an internal document that clearly states the essential job requirements, job duties, responsibilities, and skills required to perform a specific role. A more detailed job description will cover how success is measured in the role so it can be used during performance evaluations. They are also known as a job specification, JD, and position description (job PD).
Job functions should be qualified whenever possible and the desired outcome of the work should be described, rather than the method for accomplishing that outcome. For example, instead of saying, “she files folders” write that “the clerk files folders alphabetically based on category." Employers should let individuals read their job descriptions, voice any concerns, and sign their descriptions. Job descriptions should be accurate. To ensure accuracy, combine the input of many managers and employees.
Browse our job descriptions to find out about typical responsibilities and employers for each role, so you can see what’s involved and who might hire you. Some roles are open to applicants from any degree background, while others require specific degrees or postgraduate qualifications and a few are also open to non-graduates. Make sure you check the training and qualifications required. Filter by career sector to explore clusters of related job descriptions and hone your ideas about the kind of role that would suit you.
If your company or organization is divided into multiple sections, then a job description should mention which department or other unit that particular position reports to. When creating a job description template, it is important to leave a place for listing the department, usually near the beginning of the document.