A job description is an internal document that clearly states the essential job requirements, job duties, responsibilities, and skills required to perform a specific role. A more detailed job description will cover how success is measured in the role so it can be used during performance evaluations. They are also known as a job specification, JD, and position description (job PD).
Here’s a sample of job descriptions, ranked from good to bad. Looking through them alongside their scores makes it obvious why some are better than others, and is a good exercise to teach yourself to get better at writing them.
To make it easier to create and manage job descriptions that are complete, clear and consistent, it is best to start with a job description template. The number of templates you need will depend on the variety of jobs in your organization, but as with all things - less is more. But while many HR professionals and managers agree that job description templates are a foundational talent management tool, many struggle with knowing exactly what to include in their templates.
You may find it useful to leave a section on your template to be used for detailing the supervision of a particular position, and/or the extent to which it is supervised. This can help an individual understand who he or she would report to while performing a particular position, and the role of the position within the hierarchy of a company or organization.
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